About “The religious origins of the French Revolution” has Dale K Van Kley written in a not so easily read , but also interesting book .
The author is obviously aiming towards that the Pope’s condemnation (Bull “Unigenitus“1713) of the so-called jansenist teaching – those who tried a milder version of reformation within the Catholic Church – at the beginning of the 1700s, led to great concern in France, and also to the revolution itself.
What happened in France since then has really made its impression on a lot of things in our continent, also in recent times
The common history, and the Christian Church’s history, during those times certainly deserves some attention.
What the author, among other things, see happening in France after “Unigenitus”, before the Revolution, is a crystallization of three or four fronts:
– The Roman Catholic Church with the Pope and the majority of the bishops.
– Jansenists and the Gallican bishops.
– Enlightenment and natural law philosophers, for example Roussaeu and his “Social Contract”
– The Protestants, called Huguenots
There were, among other things, a discussion about what the grace of God means. The Pope stood for “sufficient grace”.Jansenists for “effective grace.” Huguenots for “irresistible grace”.
And the natural law philosopher did not teach grace.